It may not be rocket science, the science behind designing a logo matters. After all, your company’s logo will go a long way toward defining your brand. Whether you work with a design team or use resources available online, it’s good to understand a few basic principles.
The interesting thing about many of the most popular—and memorable—logos is that they don’t all rely on the same element to generate brand awareness. The golden arches of McDonald’s use color and shape; Apple Computer relies on an image; and Coca Cola’s logo is typeface-focused. What this means to you is that you have some important decisions to make as you embark on the logo-creation process, and while there is no strict right or wrong, you must think about what you want your logo to say about your organization before coming to any design conclusions.
While there are no carved in stone rules relating to the types of logos that should be used by specific industries, some general guidelines do exist. At one end of the spectrum are high-tech logos; logos for service-oriented industries are at the other end of the spectrum, and business-to-business logos reside in the middle.
* High-tech logos are typically chiseled and angular; their intent is to create the perception that the company is innovative. They work well for high-tech companies.
* Service-oriented logos are typically smooth and rounded; their intent is to create the perception that the company is creative and friendly. They work well for service-oriented and many retail businesses.
* B2B logos can use components from both the high-tech and flair ends of the spectrum; their intent is to create the perception that the company is stable and trustworthy. Many B2B companies choose such a logo.
As you determine where your company falls on the spectrum, remember that your logo will be used for a variety of purposes—including company identification, marketing promotions and client development—so it must be attractive to a variety of audiences. And, given the rising importance of having a strong online presence, your logo must be innovative enough to provide immediate differentiation, leading to memorability
The images, shapes, typefaces and colors you choose to use in your logo will in many respects define your company. Thus, be sure to complete the required due diligence before coming to conclusions that “seem right.” Here are a few suggestions that may be of help:
* Simplicity works. Your logo should be a clean symbol that is easily reproducible. Stay away from logos that contain a lot of information, gradation or fine details; these will be more difficult for people to recall.
* Use color as an embellishment. A well-designed logo should look good in black. That doesn’t mean you can’t use color, but the color itself should not be relied on as the major design element.
* Study the science of color and typeface. If you choose to employ color in your logo, use the resources available to you to determine the appropriate color for your company. The same goes if a typeface is used in your logo; be sure the one you choose communicates the appropriate message.
During the design process, remember that you want your logo to be an element that does not change. It’s far easier to modify your messaging than divert from an image that has come to represent your company. If you design a logo that is unique, strong, appealing and suitable, you should be fine.